Khawarij (the Kharijites) and their identities

Khawarij (the Kharijites)

The first misguided group to emerge in Islam was Khawarij (the Kharijites community). Many scholars think that Kharijites appeared in the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), but it was at the individual level. Later, in the era of Ali (RA), they appeared openly as a group. They are the worst creatures in the world. They used to recite the Book of Allah, the Qur’an, but they did not have the correct knowledge of the Book of Allah. And they used to talk about Iman (faith) in their mouths, but there was no faith in their hearts.

So I will present to you some valuable information about them which will help you to know a lot about them. And I will not neglect to bring information from reliable books for every subject; Insha Allah. So let’s first know their identities.

Who are Khawarij (the Kharijites community)?

Regarding their identity, Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (Rh) has mentioned in his book that, Khawarij (the Kharijites community) are those who have denied the appointment of the arbitrator of Ali (RA) and have severed ties with him and with ‘Uthman (RA) and his offspring. And those who fought against them (i.e., against Uthman, Ali, and many wise old Companions of Allah’s Messenger). [Fath al-Bari, volume 1, page 459]

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rh) has made their identities more clear and said:

Definition of Khawarij

Khawarij (the Kharijites community) are the people who were the first to declare Muslims disbelievers. They used to call other people disbelievers for sins. They also considered disbelievers those who opposed their innovations and they thought others’ blood and wealth were lawful. [Majmoo’ Al-fataawa, volume 3, page 279] 

When had Khawarij (the Kharijites community) appeared?

They existed in the time of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him). But they kept themselves secret. At that time, their number was very low. In this regard,

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (RA)Ali bin Abi Talib (RA) sent a piece of gold not yet taken out of its ore, in a tanned leather container to Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him). Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) distributed that amongst four Persons: ‘Uyaina bin Badr (RA), Aqra bin Habis (RA), Zaid Al-Khail (RA), and the fourth was either Alqama (RA) or Amir bin at-Tufail (RA). On that, one of his companions said, ‘We are more deserving of this (gold) than these (persons).’ When that news reached the Prophet (peace be upon him), he said, “Don’t you trust me though I am the truth worthy man of the One in the Heavens, and I receive the news of Heaven (i.e. Divine Inspiration) both in the morning and in the evening?”

There got up a man with sunken eyes, raised cheekbones, raised forehead, a thick beard, a shaven head, and a waist sheet that was tucked up and he said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)! Be afraid of Allah.’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Woe to you! Am I not of all the people of the earth the most entitled to fear Allah?” Then that man went away. Khalid bin Al-Walid (RA) said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)! Shall I chop his neck off?’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “No, for he may offer prayers (Salah).”

Khalid (RA) said,

‘Numerous are those who offer prayers and say by their tongues (i.e. mouths) what is not in their hearts.’ Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “I have not been ordered (by Allah) to search the hearts of the people or cut open their bellies.” Then the Prophet looked at him (i.e. that man) while the latter was going away and said, “From the offspring of this (man) there will come out (people) who will recite the Qur’an continuously and elegantly but it will not exceed their throats. (They will neither understand it nor act upon it). They would go out of the religion (i.e. Islam) as an arrow goes through a hunting body.” I think he (peace be upon him) also said, “If I should be present at their time, I would kill them as the nations of Thamud were killed.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 4351]

Their spreading

After the death of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) secretly they gradually began to spread. They were scattered in different cities. In the age of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger, they used to express themselves as enjoiners of good deeds and forbidders of evil deeds. Later they came to Medina and killed ‘Uthman (RA). They opposed Ali (RA) and separated from his army. In this connection, Imam Ibn Kathir (Rh) has mentioned in his book that,

“While the people were returning to their homeland from the battle of Siffin, Muawiyah (RA) left for Damascus with his companions. Ali (RA) started going to Kufa city. When he reached the city of Kufa, he heard a man say that Ali had gone to war, and he came back empty-handed. Then Ali (RA) said, Those from whom we are separated are better than these. Then he entered the palace of Kufr to remember the name of Allah Ta’ala. When he approached near to enter the city of Kufa, then about 12,000 men separated from his army. And they were Khawarij. They refused to stay with Ali (RA) in his city, and they moved to a place called Harura. They objected to some things about Ali (RA) that they thought Ali (RA) had performed those things.

So Ali (RA) sent Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) to them to dispel their doubts and misconceptions. Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) discussed with them, debated, and gave correct answers to their unreasonable doubts and misconceptions. Then most of them came back from their erroneous thoughts and doubts. And the rest of the people persisted in their wrong thoughts and erroneous ideology. Then Ali (RA) and his companions fought against the rest of the people (because they oppressed, robbed, and killed many Muslims unjustly).” [Al-Bidaya wa’l-Nihaya, volume 7, page 278]

Aqidah (Creed) of the Kharijites community

They are divided into different groups. So each group has a different Aqidah. So I am just mentioning some of the basic Aqidah of the Khawarij.

(1) Regarding the sinner who commits a major sin, they think that whoever commits a major sin is a disbeliever. Those who sin and die without repentance will be in Hell forever. Every major sin is Kufr.

(2) Regarding the rulers and the judiciary, they think that it is not lawful for a Muslim ruler to stay in ruling power if he does not follow their principles or if he commits injustice and oppression. It is not permissible to obey such a ruler. It is obligatory to engage in an armed war against him. If a Muslim judge does not judge according to the law of Allah, then he will become a disbeliever. It is permissible to kill him if he does not repent.

(3) Some of them think that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) added many things to the Qur’an on his behalf. Surah Yusuf is not included in the Quran. The previous Prophets also committed Kufr.  

(4) They think that the companions of Allah’s Messenger have also disbelieved. They consider Othman (RA) a disbeliever and an apostate, and they praise his killers. And they declare all the companions of Allah’s Messenger who supported appointing arbitrators as disbelievers and apostates. Verily, they think that Ali (RA), Mu’awiyah (RA), Amr ibn al-As (RA), and Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (RA) are disbelievers too. 

(5) They think that those who commit major sins will not get intercession on behalf of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) in the Hereafter. Intercession will be for the pious only. They also think that one who will be thrown into Hell will be there forever.


(6) Of course, they think that If any one of those who were part of their group left the group, then he is a disbeliever. And those who oppose them are disbelievers.

They think that at present, the words of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) have no existence. And the words of Allah’s Messenger cannot be accepted even if they exist. Only Allah’s words will be accepted. (This Aqidah has been found after research.)

You can read the book Al-Khawarij for more details. The author of the book is Dr. Nasir bin Abdul Karim Al-Aql. Insha Allah, this book will be helpful to everyone. 

What did Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) say about Khawarij?

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) has said many things about Khawarij. So I am mentioning some hadith about them.

Ali (RA) said: I heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) saying, “In the last days of this world there will appear some young foolish people who will use (in their claim) the best speech of all people (i.e. the Qur’an) and they will abandon Islam as an arrow going through the hunting. Their belief will not go beyond their throats (i.e. they will have practically no belief), so wherever you meet them, kill them, for he who kills them shall get a reward on the Day of Resurrection.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 3611]

Narrated by Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (RA) and Anas ibn Malik (RA), The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Soon there will appear disagreement and dissension in my Ummah; there will be people who will be good in speech and bad in work. They recite the Qur’an, but it does not pass their collarbones. And they will go away from the religion (Islam) as an arrow goes away from hunting. They will not return to it till the arrow comes back to its notch. And they are the worst of people and animals.

Happy is

the one who kills them and they kill him. They call to the book of Allah, but they have nothing to do with it. He who fights against them will be nearer to Allah than them (the rest of the people).” The people asked: What is their sign? He (peace be upon him) replied: “They shave the head.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith No. 4765]

Abu Ghalib (Rh) narrated that Abu Umamah (RA) said: “Those (Khawarij) are the worst of the slain who are killed under Sky, and the best of the slain are those who were killed by them. Those (Khawarij) are the dogs of Hell. Those people were Muslims but they became disbelievers.” So I said: O Abu Umamah, is that your opinion? He said: “Rather I heard it from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him).” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 176]

Our Dua

Allah Ta’ala gives us the grace to follow His Book Al-Quran and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him) correctly and to keep ourselves and our families away from the misguided group. Ameen.

Abdur Rahman bin Awf (RA.)

Abdur Rahman bin Awf (RA.)

There were many Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). They all loved him (peace be upon him) very much. They were also pioneers in obeying his every command. Of course, they did their best to uphold the religion of Allah. Their main goal was to please Allah. They gave up everything in the world to satisfy him. Verily, Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R) is one of the best companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). He did many good works for the religion of Allah, Islam. He was one of them who accepted Islam first. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) gave him the good news of Paradise while he was still in the world.

So now I will mention some vital information from his biography, which will make his identity clear to you. At the same time, I will try to present some of his contributions to religion that will inspire Muslims to do good deeds. So let’s first know some things about his birth and his identity.

Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R), his birth, and his identity

His name was Abdur Amr in the Pre Islam era. Some say his name was Abdul Kaaba. Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) named him Abdur Rahman. His mother’s name is Shefa bint Awf bint Abdul Haris bint Zahara. Some say her name is Shefa bint Abd Manaf bint Zahara bint Kilav. Imam Mada’ini said: Abdur Rahman was born after ten years of the elephant’s year. [Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, page 1500]

Indeed, Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R) was one of the first accepts to Islam. He had a deep friendship with Abu Bakr (R). He accepted Islam at his call.

In the month of Rajab, the fifth year of the Prophethood, the first caravan of eleven men and four women migrated from Mecca to Abyssinia. Abdur Rahman (R) was also among them. Again, after Prophet migrated to Medina, he also relocated to Medina. And those who migrated to two places together, Abyssinia and Madina, are called ‘Sahib Al Hijratain.’ In Medina, Abdur Rahman (R) took refuge in the house of Sa’d Ibn Rabi Al-Khazraji (R),’ and the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) established fraternal relations with Abdur Rahman (R) with Sa’d Ibn Rabi (R).

Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R) and His self-reliance

Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R) said, “When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sa’d bin Ar-Rabi (R). Sa’d bin Ar-Rabi`(R) said (to me), ‘I am the richest among the Ansar so that I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she will complete the prescribed period, then you may marry her.’ `Abdur-Rahman (R) replied, “I do not need all that. Is there any marketplace where trade is practiced?’ He replied, “The market of Qainuqa.”

Abdur Rahman (R) went to that market the following day and brought some cheese and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. A few days later, Abdur Rahman (R) came having traces of yellow on his body. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) asked him whether he had married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘Whom have you married?’ He replied, ‘A woman from the Ansar.’ Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked, ‘How much did you pay her?’ He replied, ‘(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weight to a date seed (or a date seed of gold)! The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘Give a Walima (the wedding banquet) even if with one goat.’ [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 2048]

Basically, Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R) liked to be self-reliant by working with his own hands. And he continued to do his business. When he deposited some more money in his hand a few days later, he completed his Walima. Gradually his business expanded further.

Donating much wealth to the way of Allah

Abdur Rahman (R) was a rich man. Once in the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), he gave half of all his wealth to charity and donated 40,000 dinars. Indeed he prepared 500 horses for Jihad in the way of Allah. Then he prepared 500 camels. These are the assets acquired in his business. In one day, he freed 30 slaves. At the time of his death, he bequeathed 400 dinars per person to the Badri Companions. At that time, 100 Badri Companions were alive. Everyone gained 400 dinars. [Al-Esaba, volume 4, page: 291]

Once a large caravan of his came to Medina carrying seven hundred camels loaded with wheat, flour, and other groceries. This vast trade caravan caused quite a stir throughout Medina. When this news reached Ayesha (R), she said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, (peace be upon him) say, ‘Abdur Rahman will crawl and enter Paradise.’ As soon as Abdur Rahman heard this, he came to Ayesha (R) and pleaded, I testify to you, I have given in Waqf this vast caravan of mine and all its products and even everything including camels and its Houdah for Allah Almighty. [Al-Bidaya Wa An-Nihaya, volume 7, page: 164]

His struggle in the way of Allah

Abdur Rahman bin Awf (R) served Islam through charity and risked his life to participate in all the battles, including Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, and showed great courage and determination. He was one of the 14 Companions who used themselves as human shields to protect the Prophet (peace be upon him) at the time of the temporary defeat of the Muslims in the battle of Uhud. [At-Tabaqat Kubra, volume 3, page: 95]

In the battle of Uhud, he received more than thirty wounds throughout his body. He was also a pioneer in any field of religion. He took care of the poor and orphans and helped the Muslims in various activities. After the death of the Messenger of Allah, he served and assisted all his wives. Abdur Rahman (R) always feared Allah. Despite being rich, he lived a simple life.

One day, a meal was brought to Abdur-Rahman bin Awf (R) while he was fasting. He said, “Mus’ab bin Umar (R) was martyred, and he was better than me, yet he was shrouded in a Burda (i.e., a sheet) so that if his head was covered (with it), his feet became naked, and if his feet were covered, his head became naked.”

Then he said

“Hamza was martyred, and he was better than me. Then worldly wealth was bestowed upon us, and we were given thereof too much. We are afraid that the reward of our deeds has been given to us in this life.” So Abdur-Rahman (R) then started weeping so much that he left the food. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 4045]

Abdur Rahman (R) was one of the members of the advisory council of Caliph Uthman (R). He rendered exceptional services to the Muslim Ummah by advising various vital issues to them. Verily, he was very honest and trustworthy to Abu Bakr (R), Umar (R), Uthman (R), and all believers.

Number of narrated hadiths

He narrated fewer hadiths from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). In his source, there are two hadiths in Sahihain. Imam Bukhari has narrated five hadiths singly. Musnad Al-Baqi contains 65 hadiths. From him, his sons, such Ibrahim, Humaid, Umar, Musab, Abu Salamah, his grandson Miswar, nephew Miswar Ibn Makhrama and Ibn Abbas (R), Ibn Umar (R), Anas bin Malik (R) Etc Companions have narrated Hadith. [Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, page 1494]

His death

During the reign of Uthman (R), Abdur Rahman (R) died in 32 AH. Some say he died in 33 AH at the age of 65. However, according to Ibn Hazar, he lived to be 72 years old. Ibn Hazar also said that ‘Uthman (R) or Zubair ibn al-Awwam (R) led over his funeral salah, and he was buried in the Baqi graveyard in Medina. The eminent Companion Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (R) was among those who carried his body to the cemetery. [Tarikh Dimashq, volume 35, page: 241]

Allah Ta’ala said: “O you who have believed, shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment? (It is that) you believe in Allah and His Messenger and strive in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives. That is best for you if you only knew. He will forgive for you your sins and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence. That is the great attainment.” [Surah As-Saf, verses 10 – 12]


Abdur Rahman (R) was among them who spent his wealth, his life, his times, and everything in the cause of Allah. And Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said about him, “Verily, you are trustworthy in the people of the heavens and the people of the earth.” [Al-Mustadrak, volume 3, page 310]

Supplication to Allah

May Allah forgive all our sins and include us among them who spent their wealth, life, time, and everything in the way of Allah. O Allah, give us success in this world and the Hereafter. Ameen.

Faith in Islam and its every aspect

faith in islam

So I will present to you some information about it which is very important. At the same time, I will also mention the pillars of faith (Iman) which is the most important pillar of it. So first, let’s know what faith in Islam is.

What is faith in Islam?

According to the opinions of the majority of reliable scholars, Verily, faith (Iman) is:


To attesting by the heart, acknowledge by the mouth, and acting by the limbs. [Sharh Al-Aqidah At-Tahawiyyah, page 332] 

Basically, Faith in Islam is to attesting and acknowledge by the heart all the things that have been known with certainty that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) has brought them from Allah. Such as the oneness of Allah, prophethood, Resurrection, the Day of Judgment, to be obligatory the five times prayers, Zakat, fasting (of Ramadan), and Hajj. [Ghayatul Bayan Syarah Zubad Ibn Ruslan, Page No 7]

Allah Ta’ala said about faith (Iman): “O you who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger and the Book which He sent down before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 136]

What is the importance of faith in Islam?

Faith (Iman) in Islam is such an essential and valuable thing that if anyone does not have faith (Iman) and if he does good deeds equal to a mountain, then he will not enter Paradise and he will not get any reward for that good deed in the Hereafter. But Allah Ta’ala will reward him for his good deeds in this world. 

In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “And the Day those who disbelieved are exposed to the Fire (then it will be said), You exhausted your pleasures during your worldly life and enjoyed them, so this Day you will be awarded the punishment of (extreme) humiliation because you were arrogant upon the earth without right and because you were defiantly disobedient.” [Surah Al-Ahqaf, verse 20]

Allah Ta’ala also said: “Indeed, those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers – never would be accepted gold filled with the whole earth from one of them if he would (seek to) ransom himself with it. For those, there will be a painful punishment, and they will have no helpers.” [Surah Ali ‘Imran, verse 91]

On the other hand,  if anyone believes, does good deeds with sincerity, and dies while he is a believer, Of course, Allah will give him innumerable rewards. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala says:

“Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted. So what yet causes you to deny the Recompense? Is not Allah the most just of judges?” [Surah At-Tin, verses 6 – 8] 

Faith (Iman)

is a strong way of liberation from the eternal punishment of the Hereafter. One day, the believer will be released from Hell after being punished for his sins because of his faith (Iman). On the other hand, he who dies while he is a disbeliever will be in Hell forever. Because if Allah had given him billions of years of life in this world, he would work and live his life as a disbeliever. Proof of this is that he died in this world without Faith (Iman). And the last deed of life is the real identity of every person. In this regard, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“A person may do deeds that seem to the people as the deeds of the people of Paradise while in fact, he is from the dwellers of the Hell; and similarly a person may do deeds that seem to the people as the deeds of the people of the Hell while in fact, he is from the dwellers of Paradise. Verily, the (results of) deeds done, depend upon the last actions (of life).” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 6493]

The difference between Iman and Islam

(1) Faith is the heart’s work of the believer, and Islam is his outer work. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said, “The bedouins (desert-dwelling Arab peoples) say, ‘We have believed.’ Say, You have not (yet) believed; but say (instead), ‘We have submitted,’ for Faith (Iman) has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you of your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” [Surah Al-Hujurat, verse 14]

(2) Only Allah knows best about the Iman (faith) of everyone. And Islam is a public work that everyone can realize and understand. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said:

surah baqarah 25

“And whoever among you cannot find the means to marry free, believing women, then (he may marry) from those whom your right hands possess (i.e., Halal) of believing slave girls. And Allah is most knowing about your faith (Iman).” [Surah An-Nisa, some part of verse 25]

(3) Islam is a broad act, and faith (Iman) is a particular act. And faith (Iman) increases and decreases again. But Islam does not increase and does not decrease. For Example, Obligatory Salah and fasting, Zakah (obligatory charity), Hajj, etc do not increase and do not decrease. And after the faith (Iman) decreases, the faith (Iman) increases again; In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said:

“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and they rely upon their Lord.” [Surah Al-Anfal, verse 2]

What is the most important pillar of faith?

There are six pillars of faith in Islam which is the most important pillar of faith (Iman). Namely: 1. Believing in Allah, 2. believing in His angels, 3. believing in the Books of Allah, 4. believing in the Messengers of Allah, 5. believing in the Hereafter, 6. believing in the good and evil of Al-Qadr (predestination).

If a believer denies any of these, his Iman (faith) will be ruined. And I will try to describe in short the above subjects; Insha Allah.

Believing in Allah

To acknowledge the existence of Allah, to believe that He is One, that He is the Lord of the universe, that He has no partner, that there is no comparison to Him. Allah Ta’ala neither begets nor is born. And nor is there to Him any equivalent. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said:

“Say, He is Allah, (who is) One. Allah is the Sustainer of needed by all. He neither begets nor is born. Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” [Surah Al-Ikhlas, verses 1 – 4]

To believe that Allah Ta’ala has many enduring qualities, all of which are only for him alone. No one can and will possess those qualities without Him. And believing strongly that Allah is the only one worthy of worship. No one else is worthy of worship. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said:

“And do not invoke with Allah another deity. There is no  (worthy of worship) deity except Him. Everything will be destroyed except His Face (i.e., Himself). His is the judgment, and to Him, you will be returned.” [Surah Al-Qasas, verse 88]

Believing in Allah’s angels

To believe that Allah created the angels from light. They have existed yet, and they obey Allah all time and carry out the duties that Allah commands them to perform. And they don’t disobey Allah even for a moment. Verily, Allah Ta’ala said:

“O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are (appointed) angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded.” [Surah At-Tahrim, verse 6]

Believing in the Books of Allah

To believe that Allah revealed the books upon many messengers to guide people. Some books among those, Allah has mentioned in the Noble Qur’an. Such as the Torah, the Injeel, the Zabur, the Scriptures of Ibrahim, and the Qur’an. And the Quran is the last and final book of Allah. He will not reveal any book to anyone until the day of Judgment. And no one can ever change the Qur’an. If you deny any of the Quran’s verses, your Iman (faith) will ruin. And Allah Ta’ala said about the Quran:

“Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an (i.e., its meanings and its objective)? If it had been from (any) other than Allah, they would have found within it much contradiction.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 82]

Allah Ta’ala also said: “And it was not (possible) for this Qur’an to be produced by other than Allah, but (it is) a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of the (former) Scripture, about which there is no doubt, from the Lord of the worlds.” [Surah Yunus, verse 37]

Believing in the Messengers of Allah

To believe that  Allah Ta’ala created countless Prophets and Messengers from among men to guide the people. Allah Ta’ala chose them. Also, He has kept them away from sinful deeds. He forgave all their mistakes. They showed the right path to the people according to the command of Allah. They made a lifelong effort to keep people away from Satan’s ways and sins. And they conveyed the word of Allah to everyone. Verily, Allah Ta’ala revealed His books to His messengers.

And Allah’s Messengers and His Prophets said to their Ummah: “O my people, there is no misguidance in me, but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the worlds. I convey to you the messages of my Lord and advise you, and I know from Allah what you do not know. Then do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder from your Lord through a man from among you, that he may warn you and that you may fear Allah so you might receive mercy?” [Surah Al-A’raf, verses 61 – 63]

Believing in the Hereafter

To believe without any hesitation what Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) have said about what will happen after death. For example, the examination in the grave, being punished in it and receiving blessings, Being resurrected, setting the scales for measuring deeds, getting the record of good and bad, having the existence of Ḥawḍ Al-Kawthar, establishing Sirah on the Hell, interceding of the chosen servants of Allah, and acknowledge the existence of Paradise and Hell. Etc.

And Allah Ta’ala said about the Hereafter (the Last Day): “And what (harm would come) upon them if they believed in Allah and the Last Day and spent out of what Allah provided for them? And Allah is ever, about them, Knowing.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 39]

Believing in the good and evil of Al-Qadr (predestination)

Allah has determined Al-Qadr (predestination). No one can change it except for Him. To believe that The Creator of good and evil is Allah Almighty, so everything in the universe, both good and evil, happens by the will of Allah. Remember, Allah has given all humankind and jinns the willpower and the strong intention to do good and stay away from evil. Verily, He has written all things in Lawh Mahfuz according to His knowledge.

Allah Ta’ala said: “Indeed, Allah (alone) has knowledge of the Hour (Al-Qiyamah) and sends down the rain, and knows what is in the wombs (i.e., every aspect of the fetus’ present and future existence). And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Aware.” [Surah Luqman, verse 34]

Remember, no one can do good without his will. No one can refrain from doing evil deeds without his will. So if anyone wants to follow the right path, Allah shows him the right way. And if someone does not want to give up evil deeds, then he misses many opportunities to do good deeds.

Allah Ta’ala said: “But those who deny My verses are deaf and dumb within darknesses. Whoever Allah wills – He sends astray, and whomever He wills – He puts him on a straight path.” [Surah Al-An‘am, verse 39]

Every servant definitely will get what Allah Ta’ala has written for him, and he will never get what Allah has not written for him. In this regard,

Ubayy bin Ka’b (RA) said:

If Allah punishes everyone in the heavens and on the earth, He would do so without being unjust to them, and if He shows mercy to them, his mercy would be much better than their actions merited. Were you to spend in support of Allah’s cause an amount of gold equivalent to Uhud (hill), Allah would not accept it from you till you believed in the Al-Qadr (predestination) and knew that what has come to you could not miss you and that what has missed you could not come to you. If you die on without believing it, you would enter Hell. [Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 4699]

Some branches of Iman

There are many branches of Faith. And there are about 60 to 80 branches. In this regard, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Faith has over seventy branches or over sixty branches; the most excellent of those is To say that there is no god but Allah, the undermost of those is removing what is harmful from the path. And shyness is a branch of Iman.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No 35]

Some of the branches of Faith are attached to the heart. For example, To hope for Allah’s mercy, to do good deeds for the sake of Allah and to give up evil deeds for Allah, to love Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), to be grateful, and be satisfied with Allah’s Judgment. Etc.

A few of the branches of Iman that are associated with the tongue are: To recite Kalima Shahada, reciting the Qur’an, acquiring and propagating religious knowledge, remembering Allah, speaking the truth, to guard one’s tongue against useless words. Etc.

Some branches of it are related to limbs. Among those are: Achieving holiness, paying off debts, to fulfill the rights of everyone, obeying the Leaders, not hurting anyone unjustly, giving Sadaqah, to cooperate in good deeds. Etc.

Our Dua

May Allah Ta’ala grant us all the grace to remain steadfast in the faith and to die in the state of belief. Ameen.

Fasting in Islam and its significance

fasting in islam

One of the acts of worship that Allah Ta’ala has imposed on His servants is fasting. Surely fasting is one of the pillars of Islam. And the importance of fasting in Islam is immense. Verily, Allah’s pleasure can be gained easily through it. Allah Ta’ala has made it obligatory for His Muslim servants to fast for full a month. That month is The month of Ramaḍan. It is one month of Arabic twelve months. It is obligatory to fast on the believers only in this month. And fasting in other months is a Nafl (supererogatory) act. There are many rules and regulations regarding fasting in Islam, also there are many events and histories about it.

Of course, from the time of Adam (A) to the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), fasting was one ruling of Allah in the time of all the Prophets and the Messengers (A). And the rule of fasting will remain valid from the time of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) till the Day of Resurrection. Before discussing various aspects of fasting, let’s first know what the meaning of fasting in Islam is.

What is fasting in Islam?

Fasting literally means abstaining from any words or deeds. [Al-Ma’ani al-Ja’mie, 15th-word As-Saum (الصوم)]

The terminological meaning of fasting is:


In the terminology of Shari’ah: fasting is with intention the abstaining of specific things at a certain time of a particular person. [Sharh ‘Umdah al-Fiqh, volume 18, page 3]

The purpose of the particular person is to become a Muslim, an adult person, and a woman who is free from menstruating and free from Nifas (the blood after childbirth). The purpose by a certain time is from Fajr Sadiq (dawn time) until sunset. And the purpose of certain things is which make to break the fasting. (For example: eating, drinking, having sexual intercourse, etc.) [Sharh Muntaha al-Iradat, volume 1, page 469]

The intention is considered a condition for fasting. Therefore, if a person abstains from eating or drinking or from having sexual intercourse without the intention of fasting, then it will not be considered as fasting.

When was fasting obligatory for Muslims?

Before Islam, fasting was commanded in the age of all the Prophets and the Messengers (A). Then Allah Ta’ala has made fasting obligatory upon Muslim servants only for the full month of Ramadan. Verily, it is not obligatory to fast in any month other than the month of Ramadan. And in the second year of Hijri, Allah Ta’ala has made fasting obligatory for the believers. The event of the revelation of the ruling of fast is as follows:-

When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to Madina, He commanded them (the people) to keep fast for three days (every month). Thereafter the Quranic verses concerning the fasts during Ramadan were revealed. (Those verses of the Quran are:)

“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become Muttaqeen (righteous). (Fasting for) a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey (during them) – then an equal number of other days (are to be kept up fasting). And upon those who are able (to fast, but with hardship) – a ransom (as a substitute) of feeding a poor person (each day). And whoever volunteers good (i.e., excess) – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verses 183 – 184]

But they were people who were not accustomed to keeping fast; hence keeping the fasts was hard for them; so those who could not keep fast used to feed one indigent (for each fasting).

Then this verse of the Quran is revealed:-

surah baqarah 185

“The month of Ramaḍan (is that) in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights (the moon of) the month (i.e., whoever is present during this month), let him fast it, and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and (Allah wants) for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that (to) which He has guided you, and perhaps you will be grateful.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verses 185]

So then the concession was granted to the patient (ill person) and Musafir (the traveler); all were commanded to keep fast. [Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 506]

Narrated Al-Bara (RA); It was the custom among the companions of Muhammad (peace be upon him) that if any of them was fasting and the food was presented (for breaking his fast), but he slept before eating, he would not eat that night and the following day till sunset. (Similarly, if anyone slept before drinking the beverage, or before having sexual intercourse, then was not valid for them to drink or to have sexual intercourse that night and the following day till sunset.)

Qais bin Sirma-al-Ansari (RA)

was fasting and came to his wife at the time of Iftar (breaking one’s fast) and asked her whether she had anything to eat. She (RA) replied, “No, but I would go and bring some for you.” He (Qais bin Sirma-al-Ansari) used to do hard work during the day, So sleep predominated in his two eyes. (As a result, he fell asleep without eating.) When his wife came and saw him, she (RA) said, “Disappointment for you.” When it was midday on the following day, he (RA) fainted and the Prophet (peace be upon him) was informed about the whole matter.

Then the following verses of the Quran were revealed

“It has been made permissible for you the night preceding fasting to go to your wives (for sexual relations). They are clothing for you and you are clothing for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He accepted your repentance and forgave you. So now, have relations with them and seek that which Allah has decreed for you (i.e., offspring). And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread (of the night). Then complete the fast until the night (i.e., sunset). And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the limits (set by) Allah, so do not approach them. Thus does Allah make clear His verses (i.e., ordinances) to the people so they may stay away (from the forbidden things of Allah).” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 187]

So, they (the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ) were overjoyed very much by it. [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 1915]

What is the purpose of fasting in Islam?

The purpose of fasting is to gain the pleasure of Allah, to abstain from sinful deeds, and to increase Taqwa (fear of Allah) by training oneself to control one’s desires. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said:

“Decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become Muttaqeen (i.e., who fear Allah’s punishment).” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 183]

Fasting creates a state of flexibility in a person so that the person who is fasting does not get angry unjustly at anyone’s provocation. Rather, he makes good behavior when faced with bad behavior from others. He behaves gently even when someone insults or anyone reviles him. Surely, fasting inspires the believer to believe in Allah’s promise and reward. In this regard, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: ‘Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except fasting. It is (exclusively) meant for Me and I (alone) will reward it.’ Fasting is a shield. When any one of you is fasting on a day, he should neither indulge in obscene language; nor raise his voice; Or if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him he should say: I am a person fasting. By Him, in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the observer of fast will sweeter to Allah on the Day of judgment than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts has two (occasions) of joy, one when he breaks the fast he is glad with the breaking of (the fast), and one when he meets his Lord he is glad with his fast.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 1151 d]

There are also other purposes for fasting

Undoubtedly fasting helps enough to realize the suffering of the poor, miserable and indigent people. And it inspires people to extend a helping hand to them. Surely fasting teaches the believer patience, self-purification, self-control, courage, and sincere obedience. The main purpose of fasting is to keep people away from sin and bad deeds.

Therefore, if a person does not continue to try to abstain from sins while fasting, does not refrain from treating people unjustly, and does not take any steps to correct himself, then his fast will not avail him. And surely if anyone fasts to show off people, he will not get any reward. Rather, he will suffer loss in this world and in the Hereafter. Verily, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“There are people who fast and get nothing from their fast except hunger, and there are those who perform Salah and get nothing from their Salah but a sleepless night.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 1690]

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) also said: “Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others (while fasting), Allah does not need his (fasting) leaving his food and drink (i.e., Allah will not accept his fasting).” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 6057]

Our Dua to Allah Ta’ala

May Allah forgive all our sins and mistakes, give us Tawfiq to fast properly, and grant us the grace of abstaining from sin and evil deeds in all time. Ameen.

Ghusl (Bath) in Islam, and some info about it

ghusl bath in islam

Certainly, holiness is a part of Iman (faith). Allah Ta’ala and His Messenger (peace be upon him) love holiness. But the Devil (Satan) does not like it. He wants everyone to be unclean physically and mentally. Verily, Major impurity keeps people away from many acts of worship. So Allah has determined for the believers a way to purify themselves from the major impurity. That way is Ghusl (Bath). There is much significance of Ghusl (Bath) in Islam. It is one of the rulings of Islam for Muslims. It becomes obligatory when certain reasons are revealed. And one of those reasons is revealed in one whom, immediately falls into major impurity.

So I will mention some of the most important matters about Ghusl (Bath) that every Muslim must know. At the same time, I will describe to you its need and importance. So let’s first know what Ghusl (Bath) in Islam is.

What is Ghusl (Bath) in Islam?

In this regard, Imam Khatib Al Shirbini (Rh) has mentioned in his book,

“Its literal meaning is To pour water on something generally. And its terminological meaning is To pour water on the whole body with the intention (of purification).” [Mughni Al-Muhtaj, volume 1, page 212]

Explaining this further, Imam Mansur ibn Yunus ibn Idris al-Bahuti (Rh) said,

ghusl (bathing)

Ghusl (Bath) is To use purified and sanctifier water in the whole body in a specific way. So the condition of using water excludes Al-Tayammum, the condition of purified and sanctifier water excludes the non-sanctifier water, the condition of the whole body excludes Al-Wudu, and the condition of in a specific way includes the intention, saying Bismillah. [Kashshaf Al-qina an matn Al-iqna, volume 1, page 139]

Basically, Ghusl (Bath) in Islam is to flow the purified water all over the body and to observe properly obligatory matters of it.

Allah Ta’ala says about Ghusl (Bath): “O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying, not (approach prayer) in a state of janabah (one kind of major impurity) except those passing through (the mosque), until you have bathed.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 43]

Ghusl’s importance and necessity

Ghusl (Bath) is one of the commandments of Allah. However, its importance also changes in terms of different conditions. Sometimes it becomes obligatory, sometimes sunnah, and sometimes Mustahabb, and so on. If Ghusl (Bath) becomes obligatory on someone and he neglects to do Ghusl, then it is considered a disliked deed for him. And if he deliberately delays doing Ghusl, even if he misses any obligatory worship intentionally due to it, then it will be considered a sin for him to delay doing it. And When the companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) fall into major impurity, they would take a quick bath to purify themselves.

In this regard,

Narrated Abu Huraira (RA), The Prophet (peace be upon him) came across me in one of the streets of Medina and at that time I was Junub (i.e., in a major impurity state). So I slipped away from him and went to take a bath. On my return, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “O Abu Huraira! Where have you been?” I replied, “I was Junub, so I disliked sitting in your company.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Subhan Allah! A believer never becomes impure (like stool-urine, or A believer stay not always in an impurity state).” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 283]

The believer stays always in a clean state. Those who are the devil or his companions do not want to be pure. They do delay being holy. And they give up many acts of worship of Allah due to impurity. For many, it becomes a bad habit. At one time, they fell into the wrath of Allah because they like to be always in an unclean state. But Allah wants to keep his servants pure. So He has given them the ruling of holiness. And Allah Ta’ala said:

“He (Allah) sent down upon you from the sky, water (rain) by which he purifies you and removes from you the evil (suggestions) of Satan and makes steadfast your hearts and makes (your) steps firm thereby.” [Surah Al-Anfal, verse 11]

Obligatory matters of Ghusl

(1) Intention (Niyyah). Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (R.): I heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 1]

However, some scholars have said that Niyyah (intention) is a Sunnah during Bathing (Ghusl).

(2) Rinsing mouth and nose. Aishah (R) narrated that when the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) performed Ghusl from Janabah, the vessel (of water) would be placed before him, and he would pour water over his hands before putting his two hands into the vessel. When he had washed his hands, he would put his right hand in the vessel, then pour water with his right hand and wash his private parts with his left hand. When he had finished it, he would pour water with his right hand over his left hand and wash them both. Then he would rinse his mouth and nose three times. Thereafter he would pour water filling both of his hands over his head three times. Then he would pour water over his body. [Sunan an-Nasa’i, Hadith No. 245]

(3) Washing the whole body. Aishah said (R), “Whenever Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) took the bath of Janabah, he cleaned his hands and performed ablution like that for Salah and then took a bath and rubbed his hair, till he felt that the whole skin of the head had become wet, then he would pour water thrice and wash the rest of the body.” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No 272]

How to perform Ghusl (Bath) in Islam?

Ghusl (bath) should be done in the manner that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is doing. And should be Ghusl (bath) behind the curtain. Because Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used to like to bathe behind the curtain. And there is no danger of the private part being exposed in front of people if you perform ghusl behind the curtain. Regarding how the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to bathe, Maimunah (RA) said:

“I placed water for the bath of the Prophet (peace be upon him). He washed his hands twice or thrice and then poured water on his left hand and washed his private parts. He rubbed his hands over the earth (and cleaned them), rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and both forearms, and then poured water over his body. Then he withdrew from that place and washed his feet.” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 257]

And the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Cover your Awrah (the private part), except for your wife and those whom your right hand possesses (i.e., Halal slave woman).” I (Mu’awiyah bin Haidah Al-Qushairy) said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what if the people live close together?’ He (peace be upon him) said: “If you can make sure that no one sees it, then do not let anyone see it.” I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what if one of us is alone?’ He (peace be upon him) said: “Allah is more deserving that you should feel shy before Him than People.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 1920]

What are the types of Ghusl (Bath) in Islam?

There are two types of Ghusl (Bath) in Islam. Namely: 1, Obligatory bath. 2, Mustahab or Sunnah bath.
The Obligatory bath is a bath that obligates if one of the certain reasons for the obligatory bath is revealed to someone.

And Mustahab or Sunnah bath is a bath that has to be done on certain days or at certain times. For example, bathing on Friday, bathing on Eid day, bathing after giving a bath to a dead person, etc.

If a person misses any obligatory worship due to abandoning the obligatory bath, then he will be a sinner. On the contrary, if a person abandons Mustahab or Sunnah bath, then he will not be a sinner. But he will be deprived of the reward. Therefore, every believer should follow the pattern of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) in bathing and all other matters of religion. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said:

“There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and (who) remembers Allah often.” [Surah Al-Ahzab, verse 21]

The certain reasons that make the bath obligatory

(1) Ejaculating semen with arousal. It was narrated that Ali (R) said: I was one who had a lot of Madhi, and the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to me, “If you see Madhi (prostatic fluid) then wash your penis, and perform Wudu’ like that for Salah, but if you ejaculate semen, then perform Ghusl.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i, Hadith No. 194]

(2) Joining the two circumcised parts together. Abu Hurairah (R) reported the Prophet (peace be upon him) as saying, “When anyone sits between the four parts of a woman (i.e., who wants to do sexual cohabit with his wife), and one circumcised join other circumcised, then bath becomes obligatory.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith No 216]

(3) To be end Menses and Nifas (Blood of Childbirth).

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “When the time of menstruation comes, stop praying (Salah), and when it goes, perform Ghusl.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i, Hadith No. 202]

And when the Blood of Childbirth stops, it is obligatory to take a bath. All the Fuqaha (those who are Islamic jurists, are experts in fiqh, or Islamic jurisprudence and Islamic Law) have agreed on this. In this regard, in the famous reliable book of Fiqh, Al-Mausu’ah Al Fiqhiyyah has been mentioned that,

the blood of childbirth

The Fuqaha have expressed the opinion that it is obligatory for a woman to take a bath after the blood of Childbirth has stopped. Al-Ijma (i.e., the unanimous agreement of the Islamic jurists of a particular era on a specific issue) is the proof that makes bathing obligatory due to it. Because there is no clear statement in the Qur’an or Sunnah (Hadith) regarding the obligation of bathing it. [Al-Mausu’ah Al Fiqhiyyah Al Kuwaitiyah, volume 41, page 15]

(4) Death. Narrated Umm Atiyya al-Ansariya (R): Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) came to us when his daughter died and said, “Take her to bath thrice or five times or more, if you see it necessary, with water and Sidr and then apply camphor or some camphor at the end.” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No 1253]

(5) When the disbeliever accepts Islam

Narrated Abu Hurairah (R): “When Thumama bin Uthal (RA) had accepted Islam, then Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) commanded him to take a shower.” [Irwa al-Ghalil lil Albani, Page no 164]

(6) To find wetness on the body or clothes after waking up from sleep. Aishah (R) narrated: The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about a man who finds wetness, and he does not remember having a wet dream. So He (peace be upon him) said (about that person): he is to perform Bathing (Ghusl). And (He ﷺ was asked) about a man who had a wet dream, but does not find any wetness. So He (peace be upon him) said (about this person): No Ghusl is required of him. Umm Salamah (R) said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Is the woman required to perform Bathing (Ghusl) if she sees that?’ He (peace be upon him) replied: ‘Yes. Indeed women are the partners of men. [Jami at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 113]

If the bath has obligated, then which activities are prohibited?

1. Performing any prayer (Salah) and 2. Entering the Mosque and Staying in there. Allah Ta’ala said in this regard, “O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying, not (approach prayer) in a state of janabah except those passing through (the mosque), until you have bathed.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 43]  

3. Performing the circumambulation (Tawaf). Ibn Abbas (R) narrated that, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Tawaf around the House (of Allah) is similar to Salah, But you can talk during it. So whoever talks in it, then let him not talk except good.” [Jami at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 960]

4. Touching the Quran.

Abu Bakr bin Muhammad narrates from his father, he narrates from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) wrote a letter to the people of Yemen. It said, “No one should touch the Qur’an except the holy one.” [Nail al-Awtar, Hadith No 262]

5. Reciting the Quran. It was narrated that Abdullah bin Salimah said, Me and two other men came to Ali (R), and he said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to come out of the toilet and recite Qur’an, and he would eat meat with us. And nothing would prevent him from (reciting) Quran except Janabah.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i, Hadith No. 267]

Our Dua to Allah Ta’ala

May Allah Ta’ala grant us the grace to always be pure and to stay away from impurity. May Allah forgive us all the mistakes and sins in life, and grant us Tawfiq to follow all time the Sunnah of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him). Ameen.