Showing posts with label Hadith. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hadith. Show all posts

Belief in the angels of Allah in Islam

Belief in the angels of Allah

There are innumerable honorable servants of Allah in the heavens and the earth who do not disobey Allah’s command for one moment, and they are always steadfast in obedience to Him. Whatever Allah Ta’ala tells them to do, they do it perfectly. They will not disobey Allah even for a second till the Day of Resurrection. They are the angels of Allah. Verily, Allah Ta’ala has made it obligatory on every Muslim to believe in the angels. Undoubtedly, belief in the angels of Allah is an important pillar of Iman (faith). If a Muslim does not believe in the angels, he will become a disbeliever. Of course, believing in them is also considered a matter of believing in Allah. 

So I will mention to you about the belief in the angels of Allah and some things related to it which will help you to know a lot. And of course, I will present strong evidence in favor of each subject which will increase your reliance on the information. So let’s first know what means the belief in the angels of Allah.

What is the belief in the angels of Allah?

There are four main points in the belief in the angels of Allah. Namely: (1) Believing in the existence of the angels. (2) To believe in all of the angels whose names have been mentioned and whose names have not been known. (3) Believing in what Allah Ta’ala and His Messenger (peace be upon him) have said about their qualities and shapes. (4) Believing in their duties which they do by command of Allah. Such as Reciting tasbih and worshiping Allah day and night without any annoyance or neglect.

And regarding the identity of the angels, Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (Rh) has mentioned in his book that

Definition of Angels

The majority of Muslim theologians said the angels are subtle bodies that have been given the power to take on different shapes and sizes. And their abode is the heavens. [Fath al-Bari, volume 6, page 306]

What did Allah Ta’ala say about the belief in the angels of Allah?

Allah Ta’ala said: “The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and (so have) the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, some parts of verse 285]

“Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but (true) righteousness is (in) one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, some parts of verse 177]

“O you who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger and the Scripture which He sent down before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 136]

“Allah chooses from the angels messengers and from the people (messengers). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing.” [Surah Al-Hajj, verse 75]

“The day they (the criminals) see the angels – no good tidings will there be that day for the criminals, and (the angels) will say, All kinds of glad tidings are forbidden to you.” [Surah Al-Furqan, verse 22]

The importance of the belief in the angels of Allah

After the belief in Allah, one of the most significant and important pillars in all the pillars of Iman (faith) is the belief in the angels of Allah. If a Muslim does not believe in the angels of Allah, and he knowingly denies one of the angels of Allah or makes fun of an angel, his Iman (faith) will be ruined. And verily, whoever harbors animosity towards one of the angels of Allah, then he is like those who have animosity towards Allah. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said,

“Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael – then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 98]

Allah Ta’ala has mentioned angels repeatedly along with His own saying in different places in the Qur’an which strengthens the matter of the belief in angels. Some of Allah’s sayings are:

“Do they await but that Allah should come to them in covers of clouds and the angels (as well) and the matter is (then) decided? And to Allah (all) matters are returned.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 210]

Allah Ta’ala also said: “Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and (so do) the angels and those of knowledge – (that He is) maintaining (creation) in justice. There is no (worthy of worship) deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [Surah Ali ‘Imran, verse 18]

Allah Ta’ala further said:

“But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness (as well). And sufficient is Allah as Witness.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 166]

There are many more verses that make clear the dignity of angels and the belief in angels. If one does not acknowledge the existence of angels and doubts their qualities and duties, then he will not be considered a believer. Surely, Allah Ta’ala has sent down many verses of the Quran about the angels. So whoever does not believe in the angels but denies them, then he is like those who deny the verses of Allah. And whoever denies the verses of Allah, indeed will be the loser. Verily, Allah Ta’ala said:

“And be not one of those who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, for then you shall be one of the losers.” [Surah Yunus, verse 95]

The existence of the angels

Angels are a kind of Allah’s creation. Allah Ta’ala created them before creating Mankind and Jinn. He created them from light. In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The Angels were created from light, the Jinns were created from the spark of fire, and Adam was created as he has been defined (in the Quran) for you (i.e., he is created from sounding clay like the clay of pottery).” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2996]

The angels are the creation of Allah such as whose no human being can see in their real shapes and sizes. Allah Ta’ala has given them the power to take different shapes and sizes. However, those whom Allah Ta’ala gives the power to see only can see them in their real shapes and sizes. In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: 

“Indeed I see what you do not see, and I hear what you do not hear. The Heavens moan, and they have the right to moan. There is no spot, the size of four fingers in them, except that there is an angel placing his forehead in it, prostrating to Allah. By Allah! If you knew what I know, then you would laugh a little and you would cry much. And you would not taste the pleasures of your women in the beds, and you would go out beseeching Allah.” [Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2312]

The Angels are the honored servants of Allah. Their number is innumerable. No one knows their true number except Allah Ta’ala. Verily Allah Ta’ala said: “And none can know the hosts of your Lord but He. And this (Hell) is nothing else than a (warning) reminder to mankind.” [Surah Al-Muddaththir, some parts of verse 31]

Belief in all of the angels of Allah

Allah Ta’ala has created innumerable angels. The names of some of the angels are known with certainty. And there are many angels whose names are not known. Every Muslim must believe in all the angels. Verily, it is one kind of Kufr to praise only those angels who bring good things and to deny and blame those who bring the punishment of Allah. Because all the angels do whatever they do only because of Allah’s command. Every angel, known and unknown, obeys the command of Allah properly and correctly.

The names of some famous angels are

Gabriel (AS), Mika’il (AS), and Israfil (AS). In this regard, Aishah (RA) said: When Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) got up at night he would commence his prayer with these words: “O Allah, Lord of Gabriel, and Mika’il, and Israfil, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who knowest the unseen and the seen; Thou decidest amongst Thy servants concerning their differences. Guide me with Thy permission in the divergent views (which the people) hold about Truth, for it is Thou Who guidest whom Thou wilt to the Straight Path.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 770]

The names of the two angels engaged in very important work are Malik (AS) and Malak Al-Maut (AS). Verily, Malik (AS) is the name of one of the Nineteen angels engaged in Hell. Allah Ta’ala has mentioned his name in the Quran and said: “And they (disbeliever) will call, O Malik, let your Lord put an end to us! He will say, Indeed, you will remain (in the punishment forever).” [Surah Az-Zukhruf, verse 77]

The name of the chief angel who captures the soul is Malak Al-Maut (The angel of death). And Allah Ta’ala said about him: “Say, The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls. Then you shall be brought to your Lord.” [Surah As-Sajdah, verse 11]

Qualities and shapes of the Angels

Allah Ta’ala has made them winged. Some of them have two wings, some have three, some have four, and some have many wings. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “(All) praise is (due) to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, (who) made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is the Most Capable of all things.” [Surah Fatir, verse 1]

Zir bin Hubaish (Rh) said, “Ibn Mas’ud (RA) informed us that the Prophet (peace be upon him) had seen Gabriel (AS) having six hundred wings.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 3232]

The angels who are near Allah Ta’ala, their size is so big that it is beyond human imagination. In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “I have been permitted to tell about one of Allah’s angels who bear the throne that the distance between the lobe of his ear and his shoulder is a journey of seven hundred years.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith No. 4727]

They are neither men nor women.

Only Allah knows well their true condition. That is why Allah Ta’ala said: “So inquire of them, (O Muḥammad), Does your Lord have daughters while they have sons? Or did I create the angels as females while they were witnesses? Unquestionably,  it is one of their fabrications when they say, ‘Allah has begotten,’ and indeed, they are liars. Has He chosen daughters over sons? What is (wrong) with you? How do you judge? Then will you not be reminded? Or do you have any clear proof? Then bring your scripture, if you are truthful.” [Surah As-Saffat, verses 149 – 157]

They do not eat, they do not drink, they do not marry, and they do not wish to do any evil. In this regard, Shaykh ‘Umar bin Sulayman al-Ashqar has mentioned in his book that

attributes of angels

And Imam Al-Suyuti (Rh) narrated from Al-Fakhr Ar-Razi (Rh): Surely the scholars have agreed that the angels do not eat, they do not drink, and they do not get married. [Alem Al-Malaikah Al-Abrar, page 15]

They are engrossed in obeying Allah’s commands and worshipping Him 24 hours, and they do not get tired or bored while worshiping Allah. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “But if they are arrogant – then those who are near your Lord (i.e., the angels) exalt Him by night and by day, and they do not become weary.” [Surah Fussilat, verse 38]

Allah Ta’ala further said: “To Him belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those near Him (i.e., the angels) are not prevented by arrogance from His worship, nor do they tire. They exalt (Him) night and day (and) do not slacken (in worshipping Him).” [Surah Al-Anbiya, verse 19 – 20]

What are the duties of the angels?

They are always obedient to Allah. They never disobeyed Allah, never sinned. And they will never disobey him, they will never sin. Verily, they do what Allah Ta’ala tells them to do, and they will continue to obey Allah forever. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “And they (the polytheists) say, ‘The Most Merciful has taken a son.’ Exalted is He! Rather, they (i.e., the angels) are honored servants. They cannot precede Him in word, and they act by His command.” [Surah Al-Anbiya, verses 26 – 27]

Allah Ta’ala has engaged different angels in different duties. So I am presenting to you the duties of some angels.

Conveying the revelation

Verily, Allah Ta’ala entrusted Gabriel (AS), and many angels with him responsible for conveying the revelation to the Prophets and Messengers on His behalf. Allah Ta’ala said: “He (Allah) sends down the angels, with the inspiration (i.e., revelation) of His command, upon whom He wills of His servants, (telling them), Warn that there is no deity except Me; so fear Me.” [Surah An-Nahl, verse 2]

Allah Ta’ala further said: “Say, (O Muḥammad), The Pure Spirit (i.e., Gabriel) has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.” [Surah An-Nahl, verse 102]

Provision-related tasks

Allah Ta’ala has entrusted Mika’il (AS) with the task of sending down rain and provision-related tasks for the servants. In this regard, Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti (Rh) has mentioned in his Tafsir Book that,

Tasks of Mikail

“And Mika’il (AS); He is Responsible for every drop of (rain) that falls (from the sky to the ground), every leaf that rises, and every leaf that falls.” [Tafsir Al-Durr al-Mansur, volume 1, page 230]

To blow in the Horn

Allah Ta’ala has appointed Israfil (AS) to destroy and revive everything in the heavens and the earth by blowing the Horn. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing, looking on.” [Surah Az-Zumar, verse 68]

Capturing the soul

Allah Ta’ala has appointed Malakul Maut (AS) and many of his associate angels to capture the soul of everyone at an appointed time. Verily, Allah Ta’la said: “And He (Allah) is the subjugator over His servants, and He sends over you guardian angels until, when death comes to one of you, My messengers (i.e., the angels of death) take him, and they do not fail (in their duties). Then they (i.e., Allah’s servants) are returned to Allah, their true Lord. Unquestionably, His is the judgment, and He is the swiftest of accountants.” [Surah Al-An‘am, verses 61 – 62]

Protecting the people

Allah Ta’ala has appointed many angels to protect the people from harm, who come to the people day and night continuously. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “For him (i.e., humankind) are successive (angels) before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah. Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when Allah intends for a people ill, there is no repelling it. And there is not for them besides Him any patron.” [Surah Ar-Ra’d, verse 11]

Recording all deeds

Allah Ta’ala has appointed two angels on each person’s two shoulders to record the good deeds and bad deeds of human beings. Verily, Allah Ta’ala said: “And I have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and I am closer to him than (his) jugular vein. When the two receivers (i.e., recording angels) receive, seated on the right and on the left. He (i.e., man) utters no word except that with him is an observer prepared (to record).” [Surah Qaf, verses 16 – 18]

Testing everyone in the grave

Allah Ta’ala has appointed two angels to test the believer and the disbeliever in the grave. Of course, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“When the dead body – or he (peace be upon him) said when one of you – is buried, two angels, black and blue-eyed, come to him. One of them is called Al-Munkar, and the other An-Nakir. They (AS) will say: ‘What did you use to say about this man?’ So he says what he was saying (before death) ‘He is Allah’s slave and His Messenger. I testify that there is no (worthy of worship) deity except Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.’

So they (AS) will say: ‘We knew that you would say this.’ Then his grave is expanded to seventy by seventy cubits, then it is illuminated for him. Then it is said to him: ‘Sleep.’ So he said: ‘Can I return to my family to inform them?’ They (AS) will say: ‘Sleep as a newlywed, whom none awakens but the dearest of his family.’ Until Allah resurrects him from his resting place. If he was a hypocrite he would say: ‘I heard people saying something, so I said the same; I do not know.’ So they (AS) will say: ‘We knew you would say that.’ So the earth would be told: ‘Constrict him.’ So it will constrict around him, then his ribs will squeeze together. He continues being punished like that until Allah resurrects him from his bed.” [Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 1071]

Creating shape and writing prophecy

When semen is placed in the mother’s womb, Allah Ta’ala has appointed an angel to create the human shape and to write prophecy about it. In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: 

“When forty-two nights pass after the semen gets into the womb, Allah sends the angel and gives him shape. Then he creates his sense of hearing, sense of sight, his skin, his flesh, his bones, and then says: My Lord, would he be male or female? And your Lord decides as He desires and the angel then puts down that also and then says: My Lord, what about his age? And your Lord decides as He likes it and the angel puts it down. Then he says: My Lord, what about his livelihood? And then the Lord decides as He likes and the angel writes it down, and then the angel gets out with his scroll of destiny in his hand and nothing is added to it and nothing is subtracted from it.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2645 a]

Carrying the throne of Allah

Allah Ta’ala has appointed some angels to carry His Throne. Four angels are carrying the throne of Allah right now, and on the Day of Resurrection, eight angels will carry the Throne. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “And the angels will be at its (i.e., the heavens) edges. And there will bear the Throne of your Lord above them, that Day, eight (of them).” [Al-Haqqah, verse 17]

And in the interpretation of this verse, Imam Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (Rh) has mentioned many hadiths in his Tafsir book. One of them is,

the throne of allah

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Today four angels are carrying the Throne and on the Day of Resurrection eight angels will carry it.” [Tafsir al-Tabari, volume 23, page 583]

To follow the assemblies of Dhikr

Allah Ta’ala has created many angels who roam the earth. When they get a gathering to remember Allah, they join there. In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“Allah has wanderer angels, who have no other work (to attend to but) to follow the assemblies of Dhikr, and when they find such assemblies in which there is Dhikr (of Allah) they sit in them and some of them surround the others with their wings till the space between them and the sky of the world is fully covered, and when they disperse (after the assembly of Dhikr is finished) they go upward to the Heaven.” [Sahih Muslim, Some parts of hadith No. 2689]

Managing mountain-related work

Allah Ta’ala has appointed an angel to manage all the work related to the mountains. It is said of him that,

Narrated Aisha (RA), that she asked the Prophet (peace be upon him), ‘Have you encountered a day harder than the day of the battle of Uhud?’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied, “Your tribes have troubled me a lot, and the worse trouble was the trouble on the day of ‘Aqaba when I presented myself to Ibn Abd-Yalail bin Abd-Kulal and he did not respond to my demand. So I departed, overwhelmed with excessive sorrow, and proceeded on, and could not relax till I found myself at Qarnath-Tha’alib where I lifted my head towards the sky to see a cloud shading me (unexpectedly).

I looked up and saw Gabriel (AS) in it. He called me saying, ‘Allah has heard your people’s saying to you, and what they have replied back to you, Allah has sent the Angel of the Mountains to you so that you may order him to do whatever you wish to these people.’ The Angel of the Mountains called and greeted me, and then said, ‘O Muhammad! Order what you wish. If you want, I will let Al-Akh-Shabain (i.e. two mountains) fall on them.’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, No but I hope that Allah will let them beget children who will worship Allah Alone, and will worship None besides Him.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 3231]

Visiting Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur

Allah Ta’ala has created innumerable angels to visit Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur. As Allah Ta’ala has established the Ka’bah for the people of the earth to circumambulate it and to turn their face toward it in Salah; similarly Allah has established Al-Bayt Al-Ma’mur for the angels to circumambulate it and to turn their face toward it in prayer. And of course, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“(On the night of Mi’raj) Then I was taken up to the Oft-Frequented House (Al-Bayt al-Ma’mur) and I asked Jibra’il (AS) about it, and he said: This is Al-Bayt al-Ma’mur in which seventy thousand angels pray every day, and when they leave it they never come back. And it is their last visit on them.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i, some parts of Hadith No. 448]

Lining up all time for worshipping Allah

Allah Ta’ala has created innumerable angels who are always in line up to worship Allah, to glorify Him. Many of them are standing, many are in the state of bowing, and many are in the state of prostration. And Allah Ta’ala said about them:

“(The angels say) There is not among us any except that he has a known position. And indeed, we are those who line up (to worshipping Him). And indeed, we are those who exalt Allah.” [Surah As-Saffat, verses 164 – 166]

In this regard, Imam Ibn Kathir (Rh) has mentioned a hadith in his Tafsir book that:-

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Surely Allah has angels whose flesh of shoulders tremble with fear of Allah. The tears that flow from the eyes of the angel among them, fell on another angel who is in the prayer. Among them are angels who are in a state of prostration since the creation of the heavens and the earth; they did not raise their heads from prostration. And they will not raise their heads till the Day of Resurrection.

And among them are angels who are in a state of bowing since the creation of the heavens and the earth; they did not raise their heads from bowing. And they will not raise their heads till the Day of Resurrection. So when they would raise their heads, they look at the face of Allah and say, (O Allah,) Exalted are You. We could not worship you by fulfilling your right of worship.” [Tafsir Ibn Kathir, volume 8, page 272]

Effecting in good deeds

Allah Ta’ala has appointed an angel for every human being who inspires him in good deeds. In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“Indeed Satan has an effect on the son of Adam, and the angel also has an effect. As for Satan, it is by threatening evil repercussions and rejecting the truth. As for the effect of the angel, it is by his promise of a good end and belief in the truth. Whoever finds that, let him know that it is from Allah, and let him praise Allah for it. Whoever finds the other, then let him seek refuge with Allah from Satan. Then He (peace be upon him) recited: Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit obscenity.” [Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2988]

Bringing Allah’s mercy

Allah Ta’ala has created many angels who enter people’s houses by bringing Allah’s mercy. But they do not enter the house in which there is a picture of the animal and human and the house where the dog lives. Of course, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or there are pictures.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 5949]

Keeping of Paradise

Allah Ta’ala has appointed many angels as keepers of Paradise. They too are always obedient to the command of Allah. And Allah Ta’ala said about them: “And those who feared their Lord will be driven to Paradise in groups until, when they reach it while its gates have been opened and its keepers say, Peace be upon you; you have become pure; so enter it to abide eternally therein.” [Surah Az-Zumar, verse 73]


Allah Ta’ala has appointed innumerable harsh and severe angels to punish the sinners in Hell. And nineteen of them are chief angels. In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “And do you know what is Saqar? It lets nothing remain and leaves nothing (unburned). Burning and blackening the skins. Over it appointed are nineteen (angels).” [Surah Al-Muddaththir, verses 27 – 30] 

Our Dua to Allah Ta’ala

May Allah Ta’ala grant us the grace to always obey Him and save us from the punishment of Him in this world and in the Hereafter. Ameen.

The Messenger of Allah Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Messenger of Allah Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Allah Ta’ala sent many Prophets and Messengers to guide the right way the people and warn them of Hell, the abode of eternal punishment. After a specific time, when Allah wanted to stop sending the Prophets and Messengers, then He sent the last and final messenger and stopped the continuity of sending them. And the name of the last and final Allah’s Messenger is Muhammad (peace be upon him). After Him, no Prophet and Messenger will come into the world until the Day of Resurrection. But Isa (peace be upon him) will come into the world as an Ummah of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him). Indeed, he will not appear as a Prophet or Messenger.

So now, I will present a brief description of the last Messenger of Allah and some of his deeds. At the same time, I will mention some of his dignity, characteristics, and contribution, which will give you some basic idea about him. So before discussing these matters, let’s know first what is difference between the Prophet and the Messenger of Allah.

What is the difference between a prophet and a messenger?

Allah’s Messenger is an independent man to whom Allah Ta’ala sent revelation about the new Shari’ah and other matters. Allah Ta’ala ordered him to convey the rules and regulations of the new Shari’ah to all.

And the Prophet of Allah is an independent man to whom Allah Ta’ala sent revelation about various things. Allah didn’t give him a new Shari’ah or a new book. Prophet usually follows the Shari’ah of his previous Allah’s Messenger and the previous heavenly book. And he also called the people to the previous Shari’ah and the Heavenly book. Verily, Allah used to send revelation to both the Prophet and the Messenger.

Short description of the differences between them

  • Allah’s Messenger used to invite people to the rules and regulations of the new Shari’ah from Allah. And the Prophet of Allah used to invite the people to follow the rules and regulations of his previous Allah’s Messenger.
  • Allah’s Messenger receives a new book from Allah. And the Prophet of Allah doesn’t get any new book from Allah. Rather, he used to follow the previous heavenly book.
  • Every Allah’s Messenger was a prophet of Allah. On the other hand, every prophet of Allah was not Allah’s Messenger. That is, the Prophet of Allah is the chosen person of Allah. And Allah’s Messenger is the specially chosen person of Allah.

Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and a short description of him

His famous name is Muhammad. He also has some more names. Namely: Abul Qasim, Ahmad, Mustafa, etc. He was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He was a man like us. But Allah Ta’ala has kept him free from all kinds of sins from birth to death. He never harmed anyone. He was not educated in worldly matters. But Allah has given him knowledge about the necessary things of the world. He used to earn money halal and spend money on the right path. Allah Ta’ala has sent down to him the last heavenly book Al-Quran. He was steadfast in obeying every command of Allah till his death.

Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and What are his works?

He always called people to the truth. And he only commanded them to worship Allah and not to associate anyone with Him. He maintained kinship relations. And He was a pioneer in all good deeds. He managed himself all his life according to the Book of Allah. He also called all people to the Book of Allah.

Of course, he described what is good for them and warned them repeatedly to stay away from what is evil. And he has done exactly as Allah Ta’ala told him to do. He showed us how to obey every command of Allah.

Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and What are his qualities?

He is the source of all the good qualities in the world. So I will mention a few of his qualities here. He himself has encouraged everyone to acquire these qualities, and he has given good news to those who possess these qualities. These are:


He never told a lie from birth to death. Did not break the promise. He was steadfast in speaking the truth even in times of great danger. He has encouraged everyone to speak the truth.

In this regard, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Truthfulness leads to the good deed, and Good deed leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth; eventually, he becomes a truthful person (before Allah). Falsehood leads to Al-Fajur (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing), and Al-Fajur (evil deed) leads to the Fire (of Hell), and a man may keep on telling lies; eventually, he is written as a liar to Allah.” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 6094]


The patience of anyone on earth can’t be compared with his patience. He was very patient. And he patiently worshipped Allah and did so regularly. He faced many harsh words, obstacles, and oppression of the people while carrying out the commandments of Allah. And he resisted everything with patience. He was patient strongly in times of danger and advised others to be patient.

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “How wonderful is the case of a believer; All his things are good for him, and this applies only to a believer. If prosperity attends him, he expresses gratitude to Allah, and that is good for him; and if adversity befalls him, he endures it (patiently), and that is better for him”. [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2999]


He was a grateful servant of Allah. He used to express his gratitude to Allah the most and in all circumstances. If anyone helped him, he would thank him and reward him well. There was no sign of ungratefulness in him until he died. He never gives reminders to anyone after benefiting them. And his gratitude to Allah was evident in his every action.

In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “What would Allah do with your punishment (i.e., Why should Allah punish you) if you are grateful and believe? And ever is Allah Appreciative (i.e., The best Rewarder abundantly) and Knowing.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 147]


He was extremely shy. Because of his shyness, he never approached any sinful deed. And he kept all his limbs away from sinful deeds. He did not sin himself and did not allow others to sin. No woman’s shame could be compared to his shyness. Shame was on him for the rest of his life. He encouraged others to be shy.

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Iman has over seventy or sixty branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is no god but Allah. The lowest of which is removing what is harmful from the path, and the shyness is a branch of Iman.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 35]

Beautiful character

His best quality was his character. His character was so beautiful that Allah Ta’ala himself praised him and said, “Surely you are on a noble character.” [Surah Al-Qalam, Verse 4]

Allah Ta’ala knows well the character of every human being. So no one can be more beautiful than the one he calls beautiful. There was no sign of arrogance in him. Humility was always his dress. He never spoke a painful word to anyone. Fascinated by his character, non-Muslims also became Muslims.

In addition to these, he has many other qualities, the description of which will overtake thousands of pages. Here I have mentioned very few qualities.

The dignity of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)

Allah Ta’ala has chosen him as the last and greatest prophet and messenger. No prophet or messenger will come to this world after his death till the Day of Resurrection. Allah Ta’ala has accepted him as his dearest friend. In the Hereafter, He will place him in a place of praise.

His Ummah is the greatest Ummah in this world and in the Hereafter. The number of his ummah will be more than the number of the ummah of Musa (peace be upon him). He will be the first to open the gates of Paradise.

In this connection, it is narrated from Anas (R.) that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, I will come to the door of Paradise, and I will want to open it. Then the gatekeeper of Paradise will say, ‘Who are you?’ Then I will say, ‘I am Muhammad. Thereafter he will say, I have been instructed that I will not open (the gates of Paradise) for anyone before you.” [Sahihul Ja’me Lil Albani, Hadith No. 1]

Many more of his dignity is mentioned in the books of Seerat-un-Nabi written about him. You can study those books of Seerat-un-Nabi for more details.

What are the features of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)?

  • Allah Ta’ala helped him (peace be upon him) with such an effect that even if his enemy stays a month away from him, that effect is reflected on his enemy.
  • Allah Ta’ala will allow him to recommend different matters in the Hereafter.
  • When he is in sleep, his heart stays awake.
  • Allah Ta’ala did not send him to guide a particular nation. Rather, Allah Ta’ala has sent him as a mercy and a guide for the whole nation.
  • Allah Ta’ala has given him strength in the body, like at least the strength of 30 strong people.

He also has many more features. I have avoided mentioning them to summarize the description.

What is the contribution of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)?

He has made many contributions to save people from Hell and guide them to the path to Paradise. He has always called people to the path of Allah through his words and deeds. So that they may follow him and come to the Hereafter with the pleasure of Allah. He has spoken many vital words to get rid of the temptation of the fleeting worldly life and attain eternal peace.

The words and deeds narrated from him are called his Sunnah. He will recommend in the Hereafter for those who believe in him and die as believers. Those who believe in Allah and the Hereafter and follow Him will enter Paradise. He has repeatedly warned people about Hell and described what needs to be done to save them from Hell.

And He has left good news for those who will die as his genuine followers. He has made every effort to uphold the religion of Allah. And in his absence, he has entrusted his ummah with the responsibility of keeping up the religion of Allah and various deeds. And he has left the book of Allah and His Sunnah for the guidance of all. At last, he will enter Paradise with his ummah. So his contribution will not end described. I have mentioned just some matters here.

Supplication to Allah

May Allah grant us Tawfiq to follow and believe the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) correctly, Ameen.

Ikhlas (sincerity) in Islam and its importance

Ikhlas (sincerity)

If a believer servant intends a good deed, then Allah Ta’ala gives him one reward. But if he completed a good deed, Allah will reward him tenfold. Of course, when a believing servant does good deeds with Ikhlas (sincerity), then Allah Ta’ala will reward him at least tenfold. But if Allah wills, He can reward him more than ten times. And there is no limit to the maximum reward. Verily, if Allah wants, then He can reward seven hundred or more for a simple good deed. Remember, if someone intends to do a bad deed but he does not do it, then Allah Ta’ala surely will grant him a reward for forsaking that bad deed.

So now, I will describe some important information about Ikhlas (sincerity) and some verses of the Quran, and a few hadiths related to it, from which many people are indifferent. And I will try to present every piece of information clearly with the correct reference; Insha Allah. Of course, the identity of Ikhlas becomes clear from its definition. So let’s know its definition first.

What does Ikhlas (sincerity) mean?

Ikhlas is The intention of the servant by obedience to gain nearness to Allah. Not another purpose. (i.e., Doing good deeds only for the sake of gaining the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala, for the purpose of gaining nearness to Allah Ta’ala. Not for any other purpose.) [Embroidery of Riyadh Al Saliheen, page no. 9]

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rh) has mentioned that Ikhlas is To make Allah one through the intention in obedience. (That is Only to do the intention of pleasing Allah while doing good deeds). [Madarij al-Salikin, Volume 2, page no. 91]


Some say that Ikhlas means that the works of the servant are to be equal in openly and secretly.

Imam Ibn Abi Dunya (Rh) narrated that when the work is done for the sake of Allah it is called Khalis (i.e., Ikhlas). [Kitab Al-Ikhlas wa An-Niyah, page no. 50]

Why is Ikhlas (sincerity) important?

Whatever work the servants do with sincerity, Allah accepts it quickly. A little work with Ikhlas is more dear to Allah. Servants who do all their work with sincerity are called Mukhlis (مخلص) servants. Allah loves this kind of servant so much. Therefore, whoever will be more sincere in good deeds, Allah will give him countless rewards. Verily, sincerity is the best way to gain Allah’s pleasure and the strongest trick to staying away from the path of Satan.

So if a person continues to do good deeds equal to the mountain, and if by this deed he does not seek the pleasure of Allah or does not expect the reward of Hereafter, Rather, he does it for worldly purposes Or to show the people, then this kind of good deed is of no value to Allah. Verily, that person will be among the losers in the Hereafter.

On the other hand, if a person gives people to drink a glass of water for the sake of Allah’s pleasure or in the hope of the reward of Hereafter, Allah will give him the best reward for this deed. And his work is of great value to Allah for his Ikhlas (sincerity). The sincere deeds of some people are so lovely to Allah that He forgives all the sins of their life.

And the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Verily Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your heart and your deeds.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2564]

Another thing to note is that both intention and sincerity are the work of the heart. Whatever human wishes to do, that wish is called intention. And the intention to please Allah is called sincerity.

Verses of the Quran related to sincerity

Allah Ta’ala said: “So invoke Allah, (being) sincere to Him in religion, although the disbelievers dislike it.” [Surah Ghafir, verse 14]

“He (Allah) is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so call upon Him, (being) sincere to Him in religion. All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Say, (O Muḥammad), Indeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call upon besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.” [Surah Ghafir, verses 65 – 66]

“Indeed, I have sent down to you the Book (O Muḥammad) in truth. So worship Allah, (being) sincere to Him in religion. Unquestionably, for Allah the pure religion. And those who take protectors besides Him (they say), ‘We only worship them so that they may bring us nearer to Allah in position.’ Indeed, Allah will judge between them concerning that over which they differ. Indeed, Allah does not guide he who is a liar and (a confirmed) disbeliever.” [Surah Az-Zumar, verses 2 – 3]

“Say (O Muhammad), Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. No partner has Him. And this I have been commanded, and I am the first (among you) of the Muslims (i.e., those who submit to the will of Allah).” [Surah Al-An‘am, verses 162 – 163]

Allah Ta’ala also said:

“Say, (O Muḥammad), My Lord has ordered justice and that you direct yourselves (to the Qiblah) at every place (or time) of prostration, and invoke Him, sincere to Him in religion. Just as He originated you, you will return (to life). A group (of you) He guided, and a group deserved (to be in) error. Indeed, they had taken the devils as allies instead of Allah while they thought that they were guided.” [Surah Al-A‘raf, verses 29 – 30]

“Say, (O Muḥammad), Do you argue with us about Allah while He is our Lord and your Lord? For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. And we are sincere (in deed and intention) to Him.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 139]

“And when waves (of the sea) come over them like canopies, they supplicate to Allah, sincere to Him in religion (i.e., faith). But when He delivers them to the land, there are (some) of them who are moderate (in faith). And none rejects My signs except everyone treacherous and ungrateful. O mankind, fear your Lord and fear a Day when no father will avail his son, nor will a son avail his father at all. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver (i.e., Satan).” [Surah Luqman, verses 32 – 33]

The Hadiths related to sincerity

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Verily Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your heart and your deeds.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No 2564]

Anas bin Malik (RA) reported The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said (to His companions), “You left behind some people in Madinah who are with you wherever you went and whatever you spent (of your goods) and whatever valley you crossed.” They asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him); how can they be with us when they are still in Madinah? He replied, “Valid excuses detained them. (But they are associated with you in terms of rewards due to their intention and Ikhlas).” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith No 2508]

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA), The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The (reward of) deeds depend on intentions, and every person will get the reward according to what he intends. So, whoever migrated for Allah and His Messenger, then his migration will be for Allah and His Messenger, and whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for marrying a woman, then his migration will be for what he migrated for.” [Sahih al-Bukhari 2529]

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) also said:

“May Allah beautify a man who hears a saying of mine, so he understands it, remembers it, and conveys it. Perhaps he carries the Fiqh to one who has more understanding than him. There are three with which the heart of a Muslim shall not be deceived. 1. Sincerity in deeds for Allah, 2. giving Nasihah (Good advice) to the A’immah (The leaders) of Muslims, and 3. sticking to their Jama’ah (Muslim community). For indeed the call (Al-Dawah) is protected from behind them (i.e., Al-Dawah protects them from the plot of Satans and the misguidance).” [Jami at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2658]

And verily, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Any good deed which you will do for the sake of Allah will increase your dignity and superiority through it.” [Sahih Al Bukhari, Hadith No. 4409]

How can I get Ikhlas (sincerity)?

There are different ways to gain sincerity. The most effective ways of those are: –

(1) To take reckoning from himself in all deeds. I mean, Before doing any work, think about whether it is possible to get nearer to Allah by doing this work, whether Allah Ta’ala will be satisfied with it, and whether the work is according to Islamic law? So if there is no hindrance from Islamic law in this work, then you will do it for the pleasure of Allah, but if there is any hindrance from the Islamic law in it, then you will abandon it. And Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“The wise man is the one who takes account of himself and strives for that which is after death. And the helpless man is the one who follows his own whims and he hopes in Allah (about success in the Hereafter without doing good deeds).” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 4260]

 (2) Asking the reward for good deeds only to Allah. Not to anyone else. And not to do good deeds for worldly gain or to show off to the people. Allah Ta’ala said in this regard, “They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread. And they give food despite (their) love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive. (They say), We feed you only for the face (i.e., satisfaction) of Allah. We wish not from you reward or gratitude.” [Surah Al-Insan, verses 7 -9]

(3) More love to do good deeds in secret rather than doing good deeds in public.

And verily, on the Day of Resurrection, Allah Ta’ala will give shade under the throne to the specific people. one of them is

“A man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity).” [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 660]

And the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) also said, “Whoever of you can keep his good deeds secret, he should do it” [Sahih Al-Jami Lil Albani, Hadith No. 6018]

(4) Trying to perform every act of worship properly and keeping in mind the fear that Allah Ta’ala may not accept my good deeds for my mistake and error on the Day of Resurrection. In this regard,

Aishah (RA) the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) about this Ayah (the verse of the Quran):

surah muminun 60

‘And those who give what they give while their hearts are fearful (Lest their deeds not be acceptable) because they will be returning to their Lord.’

Aishah (RA) said: ‘Are they those who drink the wine and steal?’ He (peace be upon him) said: “No, O daughter of As-Siddiq. They are those who fast, perform Salat, give charity while they fear that their Lord will not accept it from them; It is those who hasten to do good deeds, and they are the foremost of them (i.e., of good deeds).” [Jami at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3175]

(5) To Remember the death in all time.

Because it helps to increase sincerity in good deeds and to keep away from showing the people. Verily, Allah Ta’ala said: “Ultimately, the throes of death will come truly; that is from what you will try to escape.” [Surah Qaf, verse 19]

And the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Remember often the destroyer of pleasures (i.e., the death).” [Sunan An-Nasa’i, Hadith No. 1824]

(6) Making Dua more and more to Allah Ta’ala to gain sincerity. And the Duas (the supplications) that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to do in more time, among them, two notable Duas (the supplications) are:

*‏ يَا مُقَلِّبَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِينِكَ ‏(O Changer of the Hearts! Strengthen my heart upon Your Religion). [Jami at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2140]

*‏ اللَّهُمَّ مُصَرِّفَ الْقُلُوبِ صَرِّفْ قُلُوبَنَا عَلَى طَاعَتِكَ ‏(O Allah, the Turner of the hearts, turn our hearts to your obedience). [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2655]

Our Dua to Allah Ta’ala

May Allah grant us all grace to worship and to do good deeds with sincerity, to stay away from Riya (i.e., to show the people). May Allah include us among the sincere servants. Ameen.

Tawbah and the definition of repentance

Tawbah (repentance)

Sin, whether it is minor or major, moves humans away from obeying Allah Ta’ala and His Messenger (peace be upon him). If anyone continues to sin, again and again, one day, his heart will harden. And he whose heart will harden, if he does not take steps to soften his heart, then terrible consequences await for him. If a person neglects his sins and makes no effort to correct himself, he may die without Tawbah. Verily, repentance with sincerity is an important thing in Islam. It is a dearest deed to Allah Ta’ala. And those who seek forgiveness and repent sincerely to Allah immediately after committing sins Allah will forgive all their sins.

So I will describe Tawbah (repentance) and several things related to it, which will make clear to you its necessity and importance. At the same time, I will mention some hadiths of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), which will help you know a lot. So let’s know first what does repent (Tawbah) means.

What is repentance (Tawbah)?

Shaykh Saleh Bin Ganim Al-Sadlan (Rh) said: Tawbah is


Forsaking the sin for fear of Allah, feeling the ugliness of the sin, feeling ashamed of the sin considering it a sin, determining not to return to the sin if it can do it again, and to compensate for the works that are possible to compensate by repeating. [Kitab Al-Tawbah elal Allah, page 10]

So if the sin is associated with Allah’s right, then there are three conditions for Tawbah. 1. Coming back from the sin, 2. repenting with sincerity for doing sinful deeds, 3. and determining not to sin in the future. If the sinner does not fulfill one of the three conditions, his repentance (Tawbah) will not be correct.

And if the sin relates to the servant’s right, then there are four conditions for Tawbah. The above three conditions and the fourth condition is to be free from liability from the person whose rights have been violated. It means that if the sinner embezzled someone’s property, he will return it to him. If he wasted someone’s respect and dignity, he will apologize to him or give him a chance to take revenge. [Tatreez Riyadh Al Salihin, page no. 19]

What is the importance of Tawbah (repentance)?

Tawbah is an obligatory deed for every sin, big or small. Verily, sin leads people to darkness. When a person sins, again and again, his mind inclines towards that sin. He gradually begins to deviate from the path of Allah and move toward of way of Satan. At one point, he neglects his all sinful deeds and becomes involved in many major sins. And finally dies in a sinful state. So Allah Ta’ala said:

“O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps (i.e., it is expected or promised) your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow (on) the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light will proceed before them and on their right; they will say, ‘Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent.” [Surah At-Tahrim, verse 8]

But if a person immediately shames for his bad deeds after sinning, seeks forgiveness from Allah, and repents with sincerity, then Allah forgives his all sins. If one sincerely regrets, again and again, he will continue to turn away from the path of Satan. His heart inspires him to turn away from sin, and his heart continues to be cleansed. At some point, he becomes one of Allah’s beloved servants.

And Allah Ta’ala said:

“Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, some parts of verse 222]

Repentance brings success for Allah’s servants in this world and the Hereafter. Allah Ta’ala and His Messenger have told everyone to seek forgiveness, and repent repeatedly as much as possible. So that they may return to Allah, well-pleased with Him and pleasing to Him. Verily, Allah Ta’ala said:

“And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.” [Surah An-Noor, some parts of verse 31]

What did Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) say about repentance (Tawbah)?

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) has said many things about Tawbah. So now, I am mentioning some saying from these.

Narrated Ibn Umar (R) that the Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “O people, seek repentance from Allah. Verily, I seek repentance from Him a hundred times a day.” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2702 b]

Narrated Ibn Abbas (RA), I heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying, “If the son of Adam (the human being) had two valleys of money, he would wish for a third, for nothing can fill the belly of Adam’s son except dust, and Allah forgives him who repents to Him.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 6436]

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Allah laughs at two men, one of whom killed the other but they both entered Paradise. The first one fought in the cause of Allah and was killed, then Allah accepted the repentance of the one who killed him, and he fought and was martyred.” [Sunan An-Nasa’i, Hadith No. 3166]

Abu Musa (RA) reported Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) as saying that “Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, stretches out His Hand during the night so that the people may repent for the fault committed from dawn till dusk, and He (Allah Ta’ala) stretches out His Hand during the day so that the people may repent for the fault committed from dusk to dawn. (Allah Ta’ala would accept repentance) until the sun rises in the west (before the Day of Resurrection).” [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2759 a, b]

When will repentance not accept?

Tawbah is a good deed. There are two times in the world when Allah will not accept the repentance of His servants. Namely: 1. When the sun will rise in the west, Repentance will not be accepted.

In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “Are they awaiting the coming of the angels, or the coming of your Lord (Himself), or the coming some of your Lord’s signs? On the Day your Lord’s some signs will come, their Iman (faith) will not benefit those who did not believe earlier or those who did no good deeds through their Iman. Say, “Wait. Indeed, I (also) am waiting.” [Surah Al-An’am, verse 158]

Abu Huraira (RA) reported Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) as saying: “He who seeks repentance (from Allah) before the rising of the sun from the west (before the Day of Resurrection), Allah will accept the repentance of him”. [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2703]

2. When one’s soul reaches the throat at death time, then Tawbah will not be accepted.

In this regard, Allah Ta’ala said: “But repentance is not (accepted) of those who (continue to) do evil deeds up until, when death comes to one of them, he says, ‘Indeed, I have repented now,’ or of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them, I have prepared a painful punishment.” [Surah An-Nisa, verse 18]

And Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Indeed Allah accepts the repentance of a slave until he makes noise Gargar (i.e., until his soul does not reach his throat).” [Jami at-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3537]

The Signs for the acceptance of Repentance

  • To hate sinful deeds.
  • To dislike going back to sinful deeds.
  • Repeatedly asking Allah for forgiveness and making Dua to Him.
  • To stay steady on the truth.
  • To be a pioneer in good deeds and To move toward the obedience of Allah Ta’ala and His Messenger (peace be upon him).
  • Loving to stay with honest people.
  • To be ashamed of bad deeds and sinful acts that have been done.

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim (Rh) has mentioned in his book some other signs of acceptance of repentance. He said:


So there are signs of proper acceptable repentance:
One of them is: To be the condition after repentance better than the condition before repentance.
Another is: that Sticking with himself always the fear of not being safe for a moment from Allah’s plan. So continuing his fear until he will hear from the Messengers (angels) who are engaged in capturing his soul, “Do not fear and do not grieve but receive good tidings of Paradise, which you were promised.” [Surah Fussilat, verse 30] Then the fear will go away from him.
Another is: his heart being torn apart, and breaking heart with remorse and fear. It depends on the measure of the major and minor crimes. [Madarij Al-Salikin, volume 1, pages 203 – 204]

What to do if you waste any person’s right?

If you waste someone’s wealth, you will pay a fine to him for the measure of wealth you have wasted. If that person dies, you will pay a fine to his family members. And if you do not find his family members, you will pay a fine to his relatives. Even then, if you do not find any of his relatives, you will give it to the poor people to be free from your liability.

And if you do not find the person whose wealth you have wasted, the measure of wealth you’ve wasted, you will donate the same measure of money to the poor people. And if you do not find the person you have disrespected, you will ask Allah for forgiveness for him.

Verily, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, All things of a Muslim are Haram (forbidden) upon other Muslim; his blood, his wealth, and honor. [Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2564]

Our Dua

May Allah Ta’ala bestows the grace to do repentance with sincerity and abstinence from all sinful deeds. Ameen.